Discrete manufacturing is a manufacturing practice that operates with bill of materials (BOM) to make individual parts of a product. The pieces are then merged together to form the final product at the end of production. Let’s learn more about discrete manufacturing such as its distinct qualities, trends, benefits and the manufacturing ERP software features that streamline its operations.
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What is Discrete Manufacturing?
First, let’s define discrete manufacturing. It’s a manufacturing process that does not follow sequential steps or formulas to develop products. Typically, discrete manufacturing has several worksites throughout the country or world that makes separate parts of a product and each part comes together at the end of production to make the finished product. For example, if you own a camera factory, your branch in Texas may make the body of the camera, while your company in Missouri makes the lenses, your plant in Florida makes the camera bags and so on down the line.
Unlike process manufacturing, the raw materials of a product produced from discrete manufacturing can return to their original state or become recyclable. The raw materials are typically assembled with nails, nuts and bolts instead of convection. Some of the industries served are automotive, aerospace and aviation and electronics amongst others.
What is Process Manufacturing?
Process manufacturing, on the other hand, works in a sequential or formulaic methodology to create batches of products at one worksite. For instance, a pizzeria is an example of process manufacturing because it works with specific recipes and prepares pizzas in steps like making the dough, making the sauce, pouring sauce on the dough, adding particular toppings and placing it in the oven to cook. Process manufacturing usually executes some form of thermal convection such as heat, freezing and more to transform raw materials into the finished merchandise. Unlike discrete manufacturing, a product’s raw materials cannot be converted to its original state or become recyclable.
A typical process manufacturing ERP can cipher specific decimals of ingredients needed for a particular ingredient or product as well as detect if certain batches are contaminated so you can quarantine them. Some industries that implement process manufacturing include food and beverage, oil and gas, plastics and metals amongst others.